Computer engineering

Computer engineering
Occupation
NamesComputer engineer
Occupation type
Engineering
Activity sectors
Information technology, technology industry, engineering industry
SpecialtyHardware engineering, software engineering, software programming, robotics, networking
Description
CompetenciesTechnical knowledge, hardware design, software design
Fields of
employment
Science, technology, engineering, industry, computer, exploration

Computer engineering (CoE or CpE) is a branch of electrical engineering that integrates several fields of computer science and electronic engineering required to develop computer hardware and software.[1] Computer engineers usually have training in electronic engineering, software design, and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering. Computer engineers are involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microcontrollers, microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work but also how they integrate into the larger picture.[2] Robots are one of the applications of computer engineering.

Usual tasks involving computer engineers include writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems. Computer engineers are also suited for robotics research, which relies heavily on using digital systems to control and monitor electrical systems like motors, communications, and sensors.

In many institutions of higher learning, computer engineering students are allowed to choose areas of in-depth study in their junior and senior year because the full breadth of knowledge used in the design and application of computers is beyond the scope of an undergraduate degree. Other institutions may require engineering students to complete one or two years of general engineering before declaring computer engineering as their primary focus.[3][4][5][6]

This computer motherboard used in a personal computer is the result of computer engineering efforts.
  1. ^ IEEE Computer Society; ACM (December 12, 2004). Computer Engineering 2004: Curriculum Guidelines for Undergraduate Degree Programs in Computer Engineering (PDF). p. iii. Retrieved December 17, 2012. Computer System engineering has traditionally been viewed as a combination of both electronic engineering (EE) and computer science (CS).
  2. ^ Trinity College Dublin. "What is Computer System Engineering". Retrieved April 21, 2006., "Computer engineers need not only to understand how computer systems themselves work but also how they integrate into the larger picture. Consider the car. A modern car contains many separate computer systems for controlling such things as the engine timing, the brakes, and the airbags. To be able to design and implement such a car, the computer engineer needs a broad theoretical understanding of all these various subsystems & how they interact.
  3. ^ "Changing Majors @ Clemson". Clemson University. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
  4. ^ "Declaring a College of Engineering Major". University of Arkansas. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
  5. ^ "Degree Requirements". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
  6. ^ "Programas de Materias" (in Spanish). Universidad Católica Argentina.

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