Timur Shah Durrani

Timur Shah Durrani
تیمور شاہ درانی
Shah of the Durrani Empire
Emir of the Durrani Empire
ReignNovember 1772 – 20 May 1793
PredecessorAhmad Shah Durrani
Humayun Mirza (disputed)
SuccessorZaman Shah Durrani
BornDecember 1746[1][2]
Mashhad, Iran[3]
Died20 May 1793 (aged 46)
Char Bagh, Afghanistan
Burial21 May 1793
Maqbara-i-Timur Shah, Kabul
SpouseGauhar-un-Nissa Begum
Maryam Begum[4]
Gauhar Shad Begum[5]
Ayesha Durrani[6]
IssueZaman Shah Durrani
Mahmud Shah Durrani
Shah Shujah Durrani
Timur Shah Abdali Dur-e-Durran
FatherAhmad Shah Durrani
ReligionSunni Islam

Timur Shah Durrani (Pashto: تېمور شاه دراني; Dari: تیمور شاہ درانی;), also known as Timur Shah Abdali or Taimur Shah Abdali (December 1746 – May 20, 1793) was the second ruler of the Afghan Durrani Empire, from November 1772 until his death in 1793.[7] An ethnic Pashtun, he was the second eldest son of Ahmad Shah Durrani. Timur Shah would prominently be the governor of many cities in Punjab for the Durrani Empire, however usually forced out after Sikh armies would defeat him in battle. Timur Shah's reign would began after the death of his father, Ahmad Shah Durrani. This event would place the Durrani Empire into disarray, as multiple combatants would begin fighting for power, Timur Shah led a successful campaign against a coalition his brother, Humayun Mirza had made, securing power for himself. His prominent reign would see the Durrani Empire being held through tough times, Timur Shah also notably changed the capital of the Durrani Empire from Kandahar to Kabul, which is what would affect the state of modern Afghanistan today, with Kabul as its Capital city. Timur Shah also used Peshawar as his winter capital.

Timur Shah would wage multiple campaigns against his enemies who were trying to carve the believed to be declining Durrani Empire, with Timur Shah managing multiple campaigns in the Punjab region. He would also enter conflict with the Shah of Bukhara, and would fight multiple rebellions against him. After his death, his son, Zaman Shah Durrani would succeed the throne, beginning a succession crisis between Timur Shah's multiple sons, notably among Shah Shuja Durrani and Mahmud Shah Durrani.

  1. ^ Ram Gupta 1944, p. 231.
  2. ^ Drahm 2020, p. 700.
  3. ^ Dalrymple, William; Anand, Anita (2017). Koh-i-Noor: The History of the World's Most Infamous Diamond. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4088-8885-8.
  4. ^ McChesney, Robert; Mehdi Khorrami, Mohammad (December 19, 2012). The History of Afghanistan (6 vol. set): Fayż Muḥammad Kātib Hazārah's Sirāj al-tawārīkh. BRILL. p. 89. ISBN 978-9-004-23498-7.
  5. ^ Dani, Ahmad Hasan; Mikhaĭlovich Masson, Vadim (January 1, 2003). History of Civilizations of Central Asia: Development in contrast : from the sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century. UNESCO. p. 289. ISBN 978-9-231-03876-1.
  6. ^ Wdl
  7. ^ Timur Shah, Ruler of Afghanistan.

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