Third Anglo-Afghan War

Third Anglo-Afghan War
Part of the Interwar period
Soldiers in action at Kohat during the Third Anglo-Afghan War.jpg
Soldiers in action at Kohat during the Third Anglo-Afghan War
Date6 May – 8 August 1919
Location
Belligerents

 Afghanistan

United Kingdom

Commanders and leaders
Strength
50,000 man standing army supported by up to 80,000 tribesmen 8 divisions
5 independent brigades
3 cavalry brigades, plus a number of modern aircraft, armoured cars and artillery
Casualties and losses
1,000 to 1,200 killed. Estimated 3,000 wounded.[1][2] 236 killed and 1,500 wounded[1][3]

The Third Anglo-Afghan War (Pashto: د افغان-انگرېز درېمه جگړه; Persian: جنگ سوم افغان-انگلیس), also known as the Third Afghan War, the British-Afghan War of 1919[4], or in Afghanistan as the War of Independence,[4] began on 6 May 1919, when the Emirate of Afghanistan invaded British India and ended with an armistice on 8 August 1919. The war resulted in a treaty with the Afghans gaining control of foreign affairs from Britain, and the British recognizing the Durand line as the border between Afghanistan and British India.[5] According to British author Michael Barthorp, it was a strategic victory for the British because the Durand Line was reaffirmed as the border between Afghanistan and the British Raj,[6][7] and the Afghans agreed not to foment trouble on the British side. However, Afghans who were on the British side of the border did cause concerns due to revolts.

  1. ^ a b Lansford 2017, p. 49.
  2. ^ "Third Anglo-Afghan War 1919". OnWar.com. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  3. ^ Molesworth 1962, p. vii
  4. ^ a b Muhammad & McChesney 1999, p. 50.
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference Barthorp157 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Arwin Rahi. "Why the Durand Line Matters". The Diplomat. In contrast to many historical accounts, Afghanistan did recognize the Durand Line as an international border. Abdur Rahman Khan’s successor, Amir Habibullah Khan, in 1905 signed a new agreement with Britain confirming the legality of the Durand Line. More importantly, article 5 of the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919, on the basis of which Afghanistan reclaimed its independence, says that Afghanistan accepted all previously agreed border arrangements with India.
  7. ^ Lansford 2017, p. 146.

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