South Asia

South Asia
South Asia (orthographic projection).svg
Area5,134,641 km2 (1,982,496 sq mi)
Population1.94 billion (2020)[1]
Population density362.3/km2 (938/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)$14.83 trillion (2022)[2]
GDP (nominal)$4.19 trillion (2022)[3]
GDP per capita$2,260 (nominal) (2022)
$8,000 (PPP) (2022)[4]
HDIIncrease 0.641 (2019)(medium)[5]
Ethnic groupsIndo-Aryan, Iranian, Dravidian, Sino-Tibetan, Austroasiatic, Turkic etc.
ReligionsHinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Irreligion
DemonymSouth Asian
Countries
Dependencies British Indian Ocean Territory
Languages
Time zones
Internet TLD.af, .bd, .bt, .in, .io, .lk, .mv, .np, .pk
Calling codeZone 8 & 9
Largest cities[note 1]
UN M49 code034 – Southern Asia
142 – Asia
001 – World

South Asia is the southern region of Asia, which is defined in both geographical and ethno-cultural terms. The region consists of the countries of Afghanistan[note 2], Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.[7] Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian Plate and defined largely by the Indian Ocean on the south, and the Himalayas, Karakoram, and Pamir mountains on the north. The Amu Darya, which rises north of the Hindu Kush, forms part of the northwestern border. On land (clockwise), South Asia is bounded by Western Asia, Central Asia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia.

The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic cooperation organisation in the region which was established in 1985 and includes all eight nations comprising South Asia.[8] South Asia covers about 5.2 million km2 (2.0 million sq mi), which is 11.71% of the Asian continent or 3.5% of the world's land surface area.[7] The population of South Asia is about 1.891 billion or about one-fourth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and the most densely populated geographical region in the world.[9] Overall, it accounts for about 39.49% of Asia's population, over 24% of the world's population, and is home to a vast array of people.[10][11][12]

In 2010, South Asia had the world's largest populations of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains and Zoroastrians.[13] South Asia alone accounts for 98.47% of Hindus, 90.5% of Sikhs, and 31% of Muslims worldwide, as well as 35 million Christians and 25 million Buddhists.[14][15][16][17]

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference UN WPP 2019 2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ "GDP, current prices". International Monetary Fund.
  3. ^ "GDP, current prices, Purchasing power parity; billions of international dollars, Billions of U.S. dollars". International Monetary Fund.
  4. ^ "GDP per capita, current prices". International Monetary Fund.
  5. ^ "Human Development Report 2020 – "Human Development Indices and Indicators"" (PDF). HDRO (Human Development Report Office) United Nations Development Programme. p. 346. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  6. ^ Saez 2012, p. 35.
  7. ^ a b "Afghanistan". Regional and Country Profiles South Asia. Institute of Development Studies. Archived from the original on 20 May 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2019.;
    "Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings: Southern Asia". United Nations Statistics Division. Archived from the original on 17 April 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2016.;
    Arnall, A (24 September 2010). "Adaptive Social Protection: Mapping the Evidence and Policy Context in the Agriculture Sector in South Asia". Institute of Development Studies (345). Archived from the original on 15 June 2016. Retrieved 31 January 2016.;
    "The World Bank". Archived from the original on 10 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.;
    "Institute of Development Studies: Afghanistan". Archived from the original on 1 June 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2019.;
    "Harvard South Asia Institute: "Afghanistan"". Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.;
    "Afghanistan". BBC News. 31 January 2018. Archived from the original on 29 July 2018. Retrieved 21 July 2018.;
    "The Brookings Institution". 30 November 2001. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.;
    "South Asia". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  8. ^ SAARC Summit. "SAARC". SAARC Summit. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
  9. ^ "South Asia Regional Overview". South Asian Regional Development Gateway. Archived from the original on 21 November 2008.
  10. ^ Desai, Praful B. (2002). "Cancer control efforts in the Indian subcontinent". Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology. 32 (Supplement 1): S13–S16. doi:10.1093/jjco/hye139. PMID 11959872. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 February 2021. The Indian subcontinent in South Asia occupies 2.4% of the world landmass and is home to 16.5% of the world population....
  11. ^ "Asia" > Overview Archived 1 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2009: "The Indian subcontinent is home to a vast diversity of peoples, most of whom speak languages from the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the Indo-European family."
  12. ^ "Indian Subcontinent Archived 21 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine". Encyclopedia of Modern Asia. Macmillan Reference USA (Gale Group), 2006: "The area is divided between five major nation-states, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, and includes as well the two small nations of Bhutan and the Maldives Republic... The total area can be estimated at 4.4 million square kilometres or exactly 10 percent of the land surface of Asia... In 2000, the total population was about 22 percent of the world's population and 34 percent of the population of Asia."
  13. ^ Diplomat, Akhilesh Pillalamarri, The. "How South Asia Will Save Global Islam". The Diplomat. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  14. ^ "Religion population totals in 2010 by Country". Pew Research Center. 2012. Archived from the original on 9 December 2016.
  15. ^ Pechilis, Karen; Raj, Selva J. (2013). South Asian Religions: Tradition and Today. Routledge. p. 193. ISBN 978-0-415-44851-2.
  16. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". Pew Research Center. 27 January 2011. Archived from the original on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2016.
  17. ^ "10 Countries With the Largest Muslim Populations, 2010 and 2050". Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. 2 April 2015. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017.


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