Republican insurgency in Afghanistan

Republican insurgency in Afghanistan
Part of the Afghanistan conflict (1978–present)
TalibaninPanjshir2.png
Taliban fighters in Panjshir on 11 September 2021
Date17 August 2021[14] – present
(10 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
Location
Status Ongoing
Territorial
changes
Taliban captures most of the Panjshir Valley[15][16]
Belligerents

 Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

al-Qaeda (alleged)[1]
Supported by:
 Pakistan (unconfirmed)[2][3][4]

 Islamic Republic of Afghanistan loyalists[note 1]

Supported by:
 Tajikistan (alleged)[10][11]


Independent militias[12] and Taliban dissidents[13]
Commanders and leaders
Units involved

Army of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan

Various pro-Taliban militias
Foreign Mujahideens (possibly affiliated with al-Qaeda)[1]


Pakistan Armed Forces (unconfirmed)[2][3][4]

National Resistance Front of Afghanistan[7]

Various non-NRF militias[31][32][8][33]

Strength
60,000–260,000 Taliban armed forces overall

2,000–10,000 (Panjshir resistance; estimates)[35]

  • c. 9,000 (Ahmad Massoud's forces; self-claim)[33]
Unknown number of independent militias[33]
Casualties and losses
NRF claim:
950+ killed, 1,500+ captured[36][37][38][39][40]
Heavy casualties[41]
IEA claims: Large number of POWs, vehicles and weapons also captured

The republican insurgency in Afghanistan is an ongoing armed conflict between the National Resistance Front and allied groups which fight under the banner of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan on one side,[31] and the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan which is controlled by the Taliban on the other side.[42] On 17 August 2021, former first vice president of Afghanistan Amrullah Saleh declared himself the "caretaker" president of Afghanistan and announced the resistance.[5][43] On 26 August, a brief ceasefire was declared.[44] On 1 September, talks broke down and fighting resumed as the Taliban attacked resistance positions.[45]

As of 3 September 2021, in addition to the opposition in the Panjshir, there were also districts in the centre of Afghanistan that still resisted the Taliban, supported by ethnic and religious minorities.[46] On 6 September, the Taliban took control of most of the Panjshir province, with resistance fighters retreating to the mountains to continue fighting within the province.[16][47] Clashes in the valley mostly ceased mid-September,[48] while resistance leaders Amrullah Saleh and Ahmad Massoud fled to neighboring Tajikistan.[49][50] Despite these developments, NRF holdouts continued to fight, still waging a guerrilla campaign in several provinces including Baghlan, Balkh, Badakhshan, and Faryab by early 2022.[13] In addition, an independent anti-Taliban militia still held territory in Samangan Province as of December 2021.[12][8]

  1. ^ a b Roggio, Bill (2 September 2021). "National Resistance Front repels multi-day Taliban assault on Panjshir | FDD's Long War Journal". www.longwarjournal.org. Archived from the original on 3 September 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference :4 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference Tolo_Fahim_Dashti_killed was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference :3 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ a b c "Afghan vice president says he is "caretaker" president". reuters.com. 17 August 2021. Archived from the original on 17 August 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
  6. ^ Ghosh, Poulomi (30 September 2021). "'Useless': Taliban say Amrullah Saleh's 'govt in exile' won't be able to deceive world". msn. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  7. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference 4Srer was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ a b c "چه کسانی در سمنگان با طالبان می‌جنگند؟". ایندیپندنت فارسی (in Persian). 8 December 2021. Retrieved 10 February 2022.
  9. ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference season was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ "Afghan resistance has sanctuary in Tajikistan, but fighting Taliban a 'non-viable prospect'". France24. 10 October 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  11. ^ "Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan diverge on approaches to Afghanistan". eurasianet. 24 September 2021.
  12. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference independentpersian.com was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Pannier was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  14. ^ Cite error: The named reference c26 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  15. ^ Pannett, Rachel; Khan, Haq Nawaz; Mehrdad, Ezzatullah; O'Grady, Siobhán (6 September 2021). "Panjshir Valley, last resistance holdout in Afghanistan, falls to the Taliban". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  16. ^ a b Roggio, Bill (6 September 2021). "Taliban completes conquest of Afghanistan after seizing Panjshir". FDD's Long War Journal. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Ahmad Massoud: Anti-Taliban Resistance from the Panjshir Valley". LangcangKuning.com. 23 August 2021. Archived from the original on 24 August 2021. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  18. ^ Loyd, Anthony (6 September 2021). "Taliban on verge of crushing last stronghold of resistance in Panjshir Valley". The Times.
  19. ^ a b "Taliban claim complete control of Afghan province of Panjshir". The Express Tribune. 6 September 2021.
  20. ^ "Outgunned and alone: How Panjshir's resistance fell to the Taliban". Agence France-Presse. The New Indian Express. 18 September 2021. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  21. ^ Huylebroek, Jim; Blue, Victor J.; Fassihi, Farnaz; Arian, Wali (17 September 2021). "In Panjshir, Few Signs of an Active Resistance, or Any Fight at All". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 17 September 2021. Retrieved 18 September 2021.
  22. ^ "'Fight to the death' looms in Panjshir Valley". Asia Times. 26 August 2021. Archived from the original on 29 August 2021. Retrieved 29 August 2021.
  23. ^ Cite error: The named reference :0 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  24. ^ a b Khalid, Tuqa (5 September 2021). "Spokesman of Afghanistan resistance killed in fighting with Taliban". Al Arabiya English.
  25. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference nyt250821 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  26. ^ a b "Fahim Dashti survived the 'Lion of Panjshir' assassination. Now, under Taliban fire, he is killed". The Week. 6 September 2021.
  27. ^ a b "تنش در سرپل؛ طالبان به ولسوالی بلخاب «نیروی نظامی» اعزام می‌کند". BBC News فارسی (in Persian). 13 June 2022. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
  28. ^ Susannah George; Aziz Tassal (8 June 2022). "Inside the Taliban's secret war in the Panjshir Valley". The Washington Post. Retrieved 4 July 2022.
  29. ^ Cite error: The named reference sanctions kininger was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  30. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference dw200821 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  31. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference AAN01092021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  32. ^ a b Schnell, Michael (1 September 2021). "Heavy fighting reported in last Afghanistan province not under Taliban control". The Hill. Archived from the original on 3 September 2021. Retrieved 3 September 2021.
  33. ^ a b c Cite error: The named reference france24-220821 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  34. ^ Filseth, Trevor (7 September 2021). "Panjshir Resistance: Heavy Fighting as Taliban Escalate Attacks". Retrieved 10 September 2021.
  35. ^ Cite error: The named reference ni210821 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  36. ^ Cite error: The named reference aj06092021 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  37. ^ "Almost 600 Taliban fighters killed by Panjshir forces". Dhaka Tribune. 5 September 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  38. ^ "Taliban, National Resistance Front clash in Panjshir, Baghlan provinces: Report". India Today. 1 September 2021. Retrieved 5 September 2021.
  39. ^ "At least seven Taliban reported killed in Panjshir fighting". Reuters. 31 August 2021. Archived from the original on 1 September 2021. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  40. ^ Rosenberg, Matthew (21 August 2021). "Resistance fighters drive Taliban from 3 districts in the mountains north of Kabul". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 22 August 2021. Retrieved 24 August 2021. The fighters claimed to have killed as many as 30 Taliban and captured nearly two dozen more. A pro-Taliban Twitter account put the militants’ death toll at half that number.
  41. ^ Freeman, Colin (5 September 2021). "Last Afghan resistance pocket in Panjshir Valley 'on brink of collapse' amid Taliban assault". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022.
  42. ^ "Anti-Taliban resistance group says it has thousands of fighters". BBC News. 23 August 2021. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
  43. ^ "An anti-Taliban front forming in Panjshir? Ex top spy Saleh, son of 'Lion of Panjshir' meet at citadel". The Week. 17 August 2021. Archived from the original on 17 August 2021. Retrieved 17 August 2021.
  44. ^ "Taliban, Northern Alliance agree not to attack each other: sources". www.geo.tv. Archived from the original on 26 August 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2021.
  45. ^ "Fighting Breaks Out Between Taliban, Panjshiri Resistance After Failed Talks". Voice of America. 1 September 2021. Archived from the original on 1 September 2021. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  46. ^ "Welles-nietesspel over eindstrijd Panjshir, taliban voeren hevige strijd om laatste opstandige provincie". VRT NWS. 3 September 2021. Archived from the original on 4 September 2021. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  47. ^ Kazmin, Amy; Findlay, Stephanie; Bokhari, Farhan (6 September 2021). "Taliban says it has captured last Afghan region of resistance". Financial Times. Retrieved 6 September 2021.
  48. ^ Huylebroek, Jim; Blue, Victor J. (17 September 2021). "In Panjshir, Few Signs of an Active Resistance, or Any Fight at All". The New York Times.
  49. ^ "The National Interest: Blog".
  50. ^ "Afghan resistance has sanctuary in Tajikistan, but fighting Taliban a 'non-viable prospect'". France 24. FRANCE24.English. 4 October 2021. Retrieved 5 October 2021.


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