Princeton University

Princeton University
Shield of Princeton University
Princeton University shield
Former names
College of New Jersey
MottoDei Sub Numine Viget (Latin)[1]
On seal: Vet[us] Nov[um] Testamentum (Latin)
Motto in English
Under God's Power She Flourishes[1]
On seal: Old Testament and New Testament
TypePrivate research university
EstablishedOctober 22, 1746 (1746-10-22)
Academic affiliations
Endowment$37.7 billion (2021)[2]
PresidentChristopher L. Eisgruber
ProvostDeborah Prentice
Academic staff
Total staff
Students8,419 (Fall 2019)[5]
Undergraduates5,422 (Fall 2019)[5]
Postgraduates2,997 (Fall 2019)[5]
2,631 (Fall 2019)[6]
United States

40°20′43″N 74°39′22″W / 40.34528°N 74.65611°W / 40.34528; -74.65611Coordinates: 40°20′43″N 74°39′22″W / 40.34528°N 74.65611°W / 40.34528; -74.65611[7]
CampusSuburban/College town, 600 acres (2.4 km2)
(Main Campus)[4]
NewspaperThe Daily Princetonian
ColorsOrange & Black[8]
Sporting affiliations
NCAA Division I FCS - Ivy League
ECAC Hockey
MascotThe Tiger
Logo of Princeton University

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution.[9][10][a] The institution moved to Newark in 1747, and then to the current site nine years later. It officially became a university in 1896 and was subsequently renamed Princeton University. Princeton is often ranked among the best and most prestigious universities in the world.[15][16][17][18][19][20]

The university is governed by the Trustees of Princeton University and has an endowment of $37.7 billion, the largest endowment per student in the United States. Princeton provides undergraduate and graduate instruction in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and engineering to approximately 8,500 students on its 600 acres (2.4 km2) main campus. It offers postgraduate degrees through the Princeton School of Public and International Affairs, the School of Engineering and Applied Science, the School of Architecture and the Bendheim Center for Finance. The university also manages the Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and is home to the NOAA's Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. It is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity" and has one of the largest university libraries in the world.[21]

Princeton uses a residential college system and is known for its upperclassmen eating clubs. The university has over 500 student organizations. Princeton students embrace a wide variety of traditions from both the past and present. The university is a NCAA Division I school and competes in the Ivy League. The school's athletic team, the Princeton Tigers, has won the most titles in its conference and has sent many students and alumni to the Olympics.

As of October 2021, 75 Nobel laureates, 16 Fields Medalists and 16 Turing Award laureates have been affiliated with Princeton University as alumni, faculty members, or researchers. In addition, Princeton has been associated with 21 National Medal of Science awardees, 5 Abel Prize awardees, 11 National Humanities Medal recipients, 215 Rhodes Scholars and 137 Marshall Scholars. Two U.S. Presidents, twelve U.S. Supreme Court Justices (three of whom currently serve on the court) and numerous living industry and media tycoons and foreign heads of state are all counted among Princeton's alumni body. Princeton has graduated many members of the U.S. Congress and the U.S. Cabinet, including eight Secretaries of State, three Secretaries of Defense and two Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

  1. ^ a b "Princeton Milestones". A Princeton Profile. Princeton University. 2020. Archived from the original on June 28, 2021. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  2. ^ "Princeton's endowment grows to $37.7B, with second-highest yearly returns in the Ivy League". October 29, 2021.
  3. ^ "Facts & Figures". Princeton University. Retrieved December 25, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference :36 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ a b c "Common Data Set 2019-2020" (PDF). Princeton University. Retrieved May 1, 2021.
  6. ^ "Enrollment Statistics". The Graduate School. Princeton University. Retrieved July 21, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Princeton University". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  8. ^ Guide to Princeton University's Graphic Identity (PDF). Princeton University Trademark Licensing. December 15, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 22, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  9. ^ "Colleges in the Colonial Times". The Harvard Crimson. April 20, 1883. Retrieved August 4, 2021.
  10. ^ "History". Princeton University. Archived from the original on June 1, 2021. Retrieved July 3, 2021. ...Princeton is the fourth-oldest college in the United States.
  11. ^ Thomas, George E. (September 2, 2002). "Building Penn's Brand". The Pennsylvania Gazette. Vol. 101. University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  12. ^ Armstrong, April C (July 22, 2015). "Dear Mr. Mudd: Princeton vs. Penn: Which is the Older Institution?". Mudd Manuscript Library Blog. Princeton University. Archived from the original on March 6, 2021.
  13. ^ Leitch 1978, p. 291–292.
  14. ^ "History". Columbia University. Retrieved July 3, 2021.
  15. ^ "World University Rankings 2021-22 | Global 2000 List | CWUR". Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  16. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2022". Top Universities. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  17. ^ "2022 Best Global Universities Rankings".
  18. ^ "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). August 25, 2021. Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  19. ^ "America's Top 10 Colleges 2021". Retrieved April 1, 2022.
  20. ^ "Best National University Rankings".
  21. ^ Cite error: The named reference :54 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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