North India

North India
North India Zonal Map 14July2013.png
Country India
States and territories[1][2][3]
Other states sometimes included[n 1]
Largest cityDelhi
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
Official languages

North India is a loosely defined region consisting of the northern part of India. The dominant geographical features of North India are the Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Himalayas, which demarcate the region from the Tibetan Plateau and Central Asia.

The term North India has varying definitions. The Ministry of Home Affairs in its Northern Zonal Council Administrative division included the states of Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan and Union Territories of Chandigarh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.[1][12] The Ministry of Culture in its North Culture Zone includes the state of Uttarakhand but excludes Delhi[2] whereas the Geological Survey of India includes Uttar Pradesh and Delhi but excludes Rajasthan and Chandigarh.[3] Other states sometimes included are Bihar, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

North India has been the historical centre of the Mughal Empire, the Delhi Sultanate and the British Indian Empire. It has a diverse culture, and includes the Hindu pilgrimage centres of Char Dham, Haridwar, Varanasi, Ayodhya, Mathura, Allahabad, Vaishno Devi and Pushkar, the Buddhist pilgrimage centres of Sarnath and Kushinagar, the Sikh Golden Temple as well as world heritage sites such as the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Khajuraho temples, Hill Forts of Rajasthan, Jantar Mantar (Jaipur), Qutb Minar, Red Fort, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri and the Taj Mahal. North India's culture, Ganga-Jamuni tehzeeb, developed as a result of interaction between these Hindu and Muslim religious traditions.[13] North India has the third-largest gross domestic product than any other region in India.

The languages that have official status in one or more of the states and union territories located in North India are Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi, Kashmiri, Dogri, and English.[14]

  1. ^ a b "Genesis | ISCS". Retrieved 14 December 2019.
  2. ^ a b "North Zone Cultural Centre". culturenorthindia.com. Ministry of Culture, Government of India. Retrieved 25 March 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Northern Region - Geological Survey of India". Geological Survey of India, MOI, Government of India. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
  4. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference TheHindu-Apr2017 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference TNN-marriages was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference FP-overtake was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference The Hindu, July 27, 2016 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference The Hindu, May 22, 2016 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Daily Bhaskar, May 12, 2015 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference The Hindu, January 26, 2016 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Jharkhand was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ "THE STATES REORGANISATION ACT, 1956 (ACT NO.37 OF 1956)" (PDF). interstatecouncil.nic.in. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  13. ^ Cite error: The named reference Dhulipala2000 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  14. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2015.


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