Mirwais Hotak

Mirwais Hotak
ميرويس هوتک
Emir of Greater Afghanistan
Shah of Persia
Mirwais Hotak.jpg
Sketch work of Mirwais Hotak
Emir of Afghanistan
ReignHotak dynasty: 1709–1715
CoronationApril 1709
PredecessorGurgin Khan (as governor of Kandahar under the Safavids)
SuccessorAbdul Aziz Hotak
Kandahar, Safavid Iran
DiedNovember 1715 (aged 41–42)
Kandahar, Hotak dynasty
Kokaran, Kandahar, Afghanistan
SpouseKhanzada Sadozai
IssueMahmud Hotak
Husayn Hotak
DynastyHotak dynasty
FatherSalim Khan
MotherNazo Tokhi
ReligionSunni Islam

Mir Ways ibn Shah 'Alam,[1] also known as Mirwais Khan Hotak (Pashto/Dari: ميرويس خان هوتک)[2] (1673–1715) was an Afghan ruler from the Ghilji tribe[3][4] of Kandahar, Afghanistan, and the founder of the Hotak dynasty.[5]

In 1709, after overthrowing and assassinating George XI of Kartil, the Safavid Persian governor, Hotak declared independence of the Loy Kandahar region, now southern Afghanistan.[6] Hotak is widely known as Mīrwais Nīkə (ميرويس نيکه) or Mīrwais Bābā (ميرويس بابا)—"Mirwais the Grandfather" in Pashto.[7][8]

  1. ^ Matthee, Rudi (2015-09-01). "Relations between the Center and the Periphery in Safavid Iran: The Western Borderlands v. the Eastern Frontier Zone". The Historian. 77 (3): 431–463. doi:10.1111/hisn.12068. ISSN 0018-2370.
  2. ^ Dupree, Louis (1980). Afghanistan. Princeton University Press. p. 322. ISBN 0-691-03006-5. Mirwais Khan Hotak, the Hotaki Ghilzai chieftain and nominal mayor of Qandahar was a much more formidable rival than Mir Samander.
  3. ^ Malleson, George Bruce (1878). History of Afghanistan, from the Earliest Period to the Outbreak of the War of 1878. London: Elibron.com. p. 227. ISBN 1402172788. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  4. ^ Ewans, Martin; Sir Martin Ewans (2002). Afghanistan: a short history of its people and politics. New York: Perennial. p. 30. ISBN 0060505087. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  5. ^ Axworthy, Michael (2006). Sword of Persia: Nader Shah, from tribal warrior to conquering tyrant. New York: I.B. Tauris. p. 186. ISBN 1850437068. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  6. ^ "AN OUTLINE OF THE HISTORY OF PERSIA DURING THE LAST TWO CENTURIES (A.D. 1722–1922)". Edward Granville Browne. London: Packard Humanities Institute. p. 29. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
  7. ^ "Mirwais Neeka".
  8. ^ Otfinoski, Steven (2004). Afghanistan. Infobase Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 0816050562. Retrieved 2010-09-27.

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