Islamic State of Afghanistan

Islamic State of Afghanistan
دولت اسلامی افغانستان
Dawlat-i Islami-yi Afghānistān
دا افغانستان اسلامی دولت
Da Afghanistan Islami Dowlat
1996–2001: in Northern Alliance zone only
لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله
lā ʾilāha ʾillà l-Lāh, Muḥammadun rasūlu l-Lāh
"There is no god except Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah"
Anthem: قلعه اسلام قلب اسیا
"Fortress of Islam, Heart of Asia"
(1992–1999; 2002)
Location of Afghanistan
CapitalKabul (de jure)
Capital-in-exileTaloqan (1996–2000)
Fayzabad (2000–2001)
Common languagesPashto, Dari
GovernmentUnitary Islamic
provisional government
(1992–1996; 2001–2002)
controlling a rump state
• 1992 (acting)
Sibghatullah Mojaddedi
• 1992–2001
Burhanuddin Rabbani
• 2001–2002 (acting)
Hamid Karzai
Prime Minister 
• 1992
Abdul Kohistani
• 1993–1994
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
• 1994–1995 (acting)
Arsala Rahmani Daulat
• 1995–1996 (acting)
Ahmad Shah Ahmadzai
• 1996–1997
Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
• 1997
Abdul Rahim Ghafoorzai
Historical eraCivil War / War on Terror
24 April 1992
• State proclaimed
28 April 1992
27 September 1996
7 October 2001
13 November 2001
11 June 2002
Calling code93
ISO 3166 codeAF
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of
Islamic Emirate
of Afghanistan
Islamic Emirate
of Afghanistan
Transitional Islamic
State of Afghanistan
Today part ofAfghanistan

The Islamic State of Afghanistan[1] (Persian: دولت اسلامی افغانستان, Dawlat-i Islāmī-yi Afghānistan, Pashto: دا افغانستان اسلامی دولت, Da Afghanistan Islami Dowlat) was the government of Afghanistan,[2] established by the Peshawar Accords on 26 April 1992 by many, but not all, Afghan mujahideen parties,[3][4] after the fall of the communist government. Its power was limited due to civil war. When the Taliban took power of Kabul in 1996, it transitioned to a government in exile and led the Northern Alliance against the partially recognized Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan. In the aftermath of the 2001 United States-led invasion of Afghanistan and victory by the Northern Alliance, the Islamic State briefly regained control of the country. In 2002, it was formally succeeded by the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan.

  1. ^ Directorate of Intelligence (2001). "CIA -- The World Factbook -- Afghanistan" (mirror). Retrieved 2012-06-06. note - the self-proclaimed Taliban government refers to the country as Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
  2. ^ Sifton, John (6 July 2005). Blood-Stained Hands: Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan's Legacy of Impunity (chapter I Introduction; see under § Specific Findings) (Report). Human Rights Watch.
  3. ^ Sifton, John (6 July 2005). Blood-Stained Hands: Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan's Legacy of Impunity (chapter II, Historical background) (Report). Human Rights Watch.
  4. ^ Saikal (2004), p. 215.

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