Hazaras

Hazaras
هزاره
Hazara of Daykundi province.jpg
A group of Hazaras watching USACE soldiers inspect a project site in Daykundi Province
Total population
More than 8 million
Regions with significant populations
 Afghanistan4,000,000 (2009)[1][2]
 Pakistan1,550,000, including 500,000 in Quetta[3][4]
 Iran500,000[5]
 Europe130,000[6]
 Turkey26,000[7]
 Australia20,000 (2014)[8]
 Canada10,300[9]
 Indonesia3,800[10]
Languages
Hazaragi and Dari
(eastern varieties of Persian)
Religion
Predominantly Islam
(Shi'a majority, significant Sunni minority)[11][12]
Related ethnic groups
Aimaq people, Uzbeks, Tajiks,[13][14][15] Mongolic[16][17][18] and Turkic peoples[19][20]

The Hazaras (Persian: هزاره, romanizedHazāra; Hazaragi: آزره, romanized: Āzra) are an ethnic group and the principal component of the population of Afghanistan, native to, and primarily residing in the Hazarajat region in central Afghanistan and generally scattered throughout Afghanistan. They speak the Hazaragi dialect of Persian that is mutually intelligible with Dari, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.[21][22][23][24]

They are one of the largest ethnic groups in Afghanistan,[25][26][27][28] and are also significant minority groups in neighboring Pakistan, mostly in Quetta,[29][4] and as well as in Iran.[5] Hazaras are considered by some to be one of the most vulnerable groups in Afghanistan,[30] and their persecution has occurred various times across previous decades.[31]

  1. ^ "The World Factbook". Archived from the original on 2020-03-07. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  2. ^ "Afghanistan | Data". data.worldbank.org.
  3. ^ Census of Afghans in Pakistan 2005, UNHCR Statistical Summary Report (retrieved August 14, 2016)
  4. ^ a b Yusuf, Imran (5 October 2011). "Who are the Hazara?". Tribune. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  5. ^ a b Smyth, Phillip (3 June 2014). "Iran's Afghan Shiite Fighters in Syria". The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Austria holds refugee talks as young Hazaras flee persecution to make 'dangerous' journey to Europe – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". mobile.abc.net.au. 2016-02-29. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
  7. ^ "Afghan Hazara Refugees Seek Justice in Turkey". 3 June 2014.
  8. ^ Nowell, Laurie (2014-07-16). "The Hazaras of Dandenong". The Age. Retrieved 2017-08-19.
  9. ^ The population of people with descent from Afghanistan in Canada is 48,090. Hazara make up an estimated 30% of the population of Afghanistan depending to the source. The Hazara population in Canada is estimated from these two figures. Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada
  10. ^ Afghan Hazaras' new life in Indonesia: Asylum-seeker community in West Java is large enough to easily man an eight-team Afghan football league, Al Jazeera, 21 March 2014, retrieved 5 August 2016
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference culturalorientation was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference :2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ Brasher, Ryan (2011). "Ethnic Brother or Artificial Namesake? The Construction of Tajik Identity in Afghanistan and Tajikistan". Berkeley Journal of Sociology. 55: 97–120. JSTOR 23345249.
  14. ^ B. Campbell, Disappearing people? Indigenous groups and ethnic minorities in South and Central Asia in: Barbara Brower, Barbara Rose Johnston (Ed.) International Mountain Society, California, 2007.
  15. ^ "Sunni Hazaras of Afghanistan". September 17, 2020.
  16. ^ Cite error: The named reference Temirkhanov was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  17. ^ Cite error: The named reference Bacon was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  18. ^ Cite error: The named reference bigenc was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  19. ^ Cite error: The named reference :5 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  20. ^ Cite error: The named reference :6 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  21. ^ "Attitudes towards Hazaragi". pp. 1–2. Retrieved June 5, 2014.
  22. ^ Schurmann, Franz (1962). The Mongols of Afghanistan: An Ethnography of the Moghôls and Related Peoples of Afghanistan. The Hague, Netherlands: Mouton. p. 17. OCLC 401634.
  23. ^ Kieffer, Charles M. "HAZĀRA" [iv. Hazāragi dialect]. Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  24. ^ Monsutti, Alessandro (2017-07-01), "Hazāras", Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE, Brill, retrieved 2022-05-07
  25. ^ Dupree, L. (2006). "AFGHANISTAN" [iv. Ethnography]. Encyclopædia Iranica (Online ed.).
  26. ^ "Afghanistan: 31,822,848 (July 2014 est.) @ 9% (2014)". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved July 17, 2015.
  27. ^ Hyder, Kamal (November 12, 2011). "Hazara community finds safe haven in Peshawar". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
  28. ^ "COUNTRY PROFILE: AFGHANISTAN" (PDF). Library of Congress Country Studies. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  29. ^ Malik Ayub Sumbal. "The Plight of the Hazaras in Pakistan". The Diplomat. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  30. ^ Emadi, Hafizullah (September 1997). "The Hazaras and their role in the process of political transformation in Afghanistan". Central Asian Survey. 16 (3): 363–387. doi:10.1080/02634939708400997. Hazaras are one of the oppressed and dispossessed national minority communities of the country.
  31. ^ Mousavi, S. A. (October 24, 2018). The Hazaras of Afghanistan. Routledge.

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