|Region||Central Asia/South Asia|
|• Total||647,230 km2 (249,900 sq mi)|
|Coastline||0 km (0 mi)|
|Borders||Pakistan 2,670 km (1,660 mi), |
Tajikistan 1,357 km (843 mi),
Iran 921 km (572 mi),
Turkmenistan 804 km (500 mi),
Uzbekistan 144 km (89 mi),
China 91 km (57 mi)
|Highest point||Noshaq, 7,492 m (24,580 ft)|
|Lowest point||Amu Darya at Khamyab, 258 m (846 ft)|
|Longest river||Helmand River|
|Largest lake||Kamal Khan Dam|
|Climate||Arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers|
|Terrain||mostly low plateau with deserts, rangelands and a fertile plain in the southeast|
|Natural resources||natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stone|
|Natural hazards||earthquakes, flooding, avalanches|
|Environmental issues||limited fresh water, soil degradation, overgrazing, deforestation, desertification, air pollution, water pollution|
Afghanistan is a landlocked mountainous country located at the crossroads of Central and South Asia. It is also sometimes included as part of the Middle East. The country is the 40th largest in the world in size. Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the Kabul Province. With a location at the intersection of major trade routes, Afghanistan has attracted a succession of invaders since the sixth century BCE.
Afghanistan contains most of the Hindu Kush. There are four major rivers in the country: the Amu Darya, the Hari River, the Kabul River and the Helmand River. The country also contains many smaller rivers, lakes, and streams.
, as Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has noted, Afghanistan is itself a Central Asian country.
Afghanistan and Pakistan's Looming Water Conflictwas invoked but never defined (see the help page).