Durrani dynasty

Durrani dynasty سلسله درانیان
CountryAfghan Empire
Founded1747
FounderAhmad Shah Durrani
TitlesAmir, Padishah, Sultan
Durrani
Total population
10 million
Regions with significant populations
Afghanistan
Languages
Persian, Pashto, Balochi
Religion
Predominantly Sunni Islam

The Durrani dynasty (Persian: سلسله درانیان) (Pashto: د درانيانو کورنۍ) was founded in 1747 by Ahmad Shah Durrani at Kandahar, Afghanistan. He united the different Pashtun tribes and created the Durrani Empire with his Baloch allies,[citation needed] which at its peak included the modern-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, as well as some parts of northeastern Iran, eastern Turkmenistan, and northwestern India including the Kashmir region.[citation needed] The Durranis were replaced by the Barakzai dynasty during the early half of the 19th century.

Ahmad Shah and his descendants were from the Popalzai line of the Durranis (formerly known as Abdalis), making them the second Pashtun rulers of Kandahar after the Hotak dynasty.[2] The Durranis were very notable in the second half of the 18th century mainly due to the leadership of Ahmad Shah Durrani.[3]

  1. ^ Encyclopædia BritannicaShah Shoja
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference LoC was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference EB was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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