Demographics of Afghanistan

Demographics of Afghanistan
Afghanistan single age population pyramid 2020.png
Afghanistan population pyramid in 2020
Population39,864,082 (2021)[1]
Growth rate2.34% (2016)
Birth rate38.3 births/1,000 population (2016)
Death rate13.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016)
Life expectancy63.2 years (2019)[2][3]
 • male63.3 years
 • female63.2 years
Fertility rate5.33 children born/woman (2015)
Infant mortality rate66.3 deaths/1,000 live births[4]
Age structure
0–14 years42.3% (male 6,464,070/female 6,149,468)
15–64 years55.3% (male 8,460,486/female 8,031,968)
65 and over2.4% (male 349,349/female 380,051)
Sex ratio
At birth1.05 male/female
Under 151.03 male/female
15–64 years1.04 male/female
65 and over0.87 male/female
Nationalitynoun: Afghan(s)
Major ethnicPashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek and others
OfficialPersianDari[5] and Pashto
SpokenPersian(Dari), Pashto, Uzbeki and other

The population of Afghanistan is around 40 million as of 2021.[1] The nation is composed of a multi-ethnic and multilingual society, reflecting its location astride historic trade and invasion routes between Central Asia, South Asia, and Western Asia. Ethnic groups in the country include Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbeks, Nuristanis, Aimaq, Turkmen, Baloch and some others which are less known.[6][7][8] Together they make up the contemporary Afghan people.

Approximately 46% of the population is under 15 years of age, and 74% of all Afghans live in rural areas.[4] The average woman gives birth to five children during her entire life, the highest fertility rate outside of Africa. About 6.8% of all babies die in child-birth or infancy.[4] The average life expectancy of the nation was reported in 2019 at around 63 years,[2][3] and only 0.04% of the population has HIV.[7]

Persian(Dari) and Pashto are both the official languages of the country.[5] Dari functions as the inter-ethnic lingua franca for the vast majority. Pashto is widely used in the regions south of the Hindu Kush mountains and as far as the Indus River in neighboring Pakistan, it is the language with the most native speakers in Afghanistan. Uzbek and Turkmen are smaller languages spoken in parts of the north.[7] Multilingualism is common throughout the country, especially in the major cities.

Up to 89.7% of the population practices Sunni Islam and belongs to the Hanafi Islamic law school, while 10–15% are followers of Shia Islam;[7][9] the majority of whom belong to the Twelver branch, with smaller numbers of Ismailis. The remaining 0.3% practice other religions such as Sikhism and Hinduism. Excluding urban populations in the principal cities, most people are organized into tribal and other kinship-based groups, who follow their own traditional customs.

  1. ^ a b "Afghanistan Population (2021) - Worldometer".
  2. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference WHO was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference UNPD was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b c "Afghanistan". Archived from the original on 2017-05-10.
  5. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Constitution was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference Critics: New Categories on Afghan IDs Will Incite Ethnic Tension was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ a b c d Cite error: The named reference Factbook was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Lieven, Anatol (21 April 2016). "What Chance for Afghanistan?". Archived from the original on 22 April 2016 – via {{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference Pew was invoked but never defined (see the help page).

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