Baloch people

Baloch
بلۏچ
Baloch people from North Afghanistan.jpg
Modern Baloch men living in Qaradingo community of Rustaq district, Takhar province, Afghanistan.
Total population
  • c.10 million (2013)[1]
  • 3–5 million Baloch-speakers (Brill, 2011)[2]
Regions with significant populations
 Pakistan6.8 million (2017)[3]
 Iran1.5 million–2 million (2013)[1]
 United Arab Emirates468,000 (2014)[4]
Afghanistan Afghanistan500,000–2 million[5][6]
 Turkmenistan100,000 [7]
Languages
Balochi,

second language

Pashto in Afghanistan, Persian in Iran, Urdu in Pakistan
Religion
Majority:
Star and Crescent.svg Islam
Minority:
Related ethnic groups
Other Jat people, Jat Muslim, Iranian peoples

The Baloch or Baluch (Balochi: بلۏچ, romanized: Balòc) are an Iranian people[12] who live mainly in the Balochistan region, located at the southeasternmost edge of the Iranian plateau, encompassing the countries of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan. There are also Baloch diaspora communities in neighbouring regions, including in India,[13] Turkmenistan and the Arabian Peninsula.

The Baloch people mainly speak Balochi, a Northwestern Iranian language, despite their contrasting location on the southeastern side of the Persosphere. The majority of Baloch reside within Pakistan. About 50% of the total ethnic Baloch population live in the Pakistani province of Balochistan,[14] while 40% are settled in Sindh and a significant albeit smaller number reside in Pakistani Punjab. They make up nearly 3.6% of Pakistan's total population, and around 2% of the populations of both Iran and Afghanistan.[15]

  1. ^ a b "Iran Minorities 2: Ethnic Diversity". The Iran Primer. United States Institute of Peace. 3 September 2013. Baluchis number between 4 million in Iran. They are part of a wider regional population of about 10 million spread across Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan.
  2. ^ Spooner, Brian (2011). "10. Balochi: Towards a Biography of the Language". In Schiffman, Harold F. (ed.). Language Policy and Language Conflict in Afghanistan and Its Neighbors. Brill. p. 319. ISBN 978-9004201453. It [Balochi] is spoken by three to five million people in Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan, Oman and the Persian Gulf states, Turkmenistan, East Africa, and diaspora communities in other parts of the world.
  3. ^ "Number of Balochi-speaking people in Balochistan falls". Dawn News. 11 September 2017. However, the total number of Baloch people has increased from 4 million in 1998 to 6.86m in 2017. The count does not include the population of two districts — Quetta and Sibi — where people of various ethnicities, including Baloch and Pashtun also reside.
  4. ^ "United Arab Emirates: Languages". Ethnologue.com. Retrieved 24 October 2016.
  5. ^ Karlos Zurutuza (17 September 2014). "Pakistani Baloch find home in Afghanistan". Al Jazeera. In the absence of comprehensive census data, an estimate by Professor Abdul Sattar Purdely puts the population of Afghan Baloch at about two million.
  6. ^ "Cultural Orientation Balochi" (PDF). Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center. 2019. p. 111. An estimated 500,000–600,000 Baloch live in southern Afghanistan, concentrated in southern Nimroz Province, and to a lesser degree in Helmand and Kandahar provinces.
  7. ^ KOKAISLOVÁ, Pavla, KOKAISL Petr. Ethnic Identity of The Baloch People. Central Asia and The Caucasus. Journal of Social and Political Studies. Volume 13, Issue 3, 2012, p. 45-55., ISSN 1404-6091
  8. ^ Cite error: The named reference HingolTemple was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference HinduFamilies was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ Cite error: The named reference BalochMumbai was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  11. ^ Cite error: The named reference BalochPartition was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  12. ^ Zehi, Pirmohamad. "A Cultural Anthropology of Baluchis". Iran Chamber Society.
  13. ^ Badalkhan, Sabir. "A Brief Introduction to Balochi Literature". Uppsala University.
  14. ^ Blood, Peter, ed. "Baloch". Pakistan: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1995.
  15. ^ Central Intelligence Agency (2013). "The World Factbook: Ethnic Groups". Retrieved 3 November 2014.

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