Amanullah Khan

Amanullah Khan
غازي امان الله خان
King of Afghanistan
Ghazi
King Amanullah Khan.jpg
Emir of Afghanistan
Reign28 February 1919 – 9 June 1926
PredecessorNasrullah Khan
SuccessorHimself (as King)
King of Afghanistan
Reign9 June 1926 – 14 January 1929
PredecessorHimself (as Emir)
SuccessorInayatullah Khan
Born(1892-06-01)1 June 1892
Paghman, Principality of Afghanistan
Died25 April 1960(1960-04-25) (aged 67)
Burial
SpouseSoraya Tarzi
Issue
See
  • Princess Ameenah Shah
    Princess Abedah Bibi
    Princess Meliha
    Crown Prince Rahmatullah of Afghanistan
    Prince Saifullah
    Prince Hymayatullah
    Princess Adeela
    Prince Ehsanullah
    Princess India
    Princess Nagia
HouseBarakzai
FatherPrince Habibullah I, Prince of Afghanistan
MotherSarwar Sultana Begum

Ghazi Amanullah Khan (Pashto and Dari: غازی امان الله خان; 1 June 1892 – 25 April 1960) was the sovereign of Afghanistan from 1919, first as Emir and after 1926 as King, until his abdication in 1929.[1] After the end of the Third Anglo-Afghan War in August 1919, Afghanistan was able to relinquish its protected state status to proclaim independence and pursue an independent foreign policy free from the influence of the United Kingdom.[2]

His rule was marked by dramatic political and social change, including attempts to modernise Afghanistan along Western lines. However, he did not fully succeed in achieving this objective due to an uprising by Habibullah Kalakani and his followers. On 14 January 1929, Amanullah abdicated and fled to neighbouring British India as the Afghan Civil War began to escalate. From British India, he went to Europe, where after 30 years in exile, he died in Italy, in 1960 (yet apparently and reportedly according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, Amanullah died in Zürich in Switzerland). His body was brought to Afghanistan and buried in Jalalabad[3] near his father Habibullah Khan's tomb.[4]

  1. ^ Poullada, L. B. "AMĀNALLĀH". Encyclopædia Iranica (Online ed.). United States: Columbia University.
  2. ^ "Collections Online | British Museum". www.britishmuseum.org. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  3. ^ "Central Asia". The British Library. Retrieved 19 September 2020.
  4. ^ Qazi, Abdullah (2001). "Biography of Amanullah Khan". Afghanistan Online.

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