Aimaq people

Total population
1,593,418 (2021)
4% of the Afghan population[a][2][3][4]
Aimaq dialect of Persian, Pashto[5]
Mainly Sunni Islam (Hanafi)[6]
Related ethnic groups
Hazaras, Moghols, Tajiks, and Pashtuns[5]

The Aimaq (Persian: ایماق, romanizedAimāq) or Chahar Aimaq (چهار ایماق), also transliterated as Aimagh, Aimak and Aymaq, are a collection of Sunni and mostly Persian-speaking[7] nomadic and semi-nomadic tribes.[8] They live mostly in the central and western highlands of Afghanistan, especially in Ghor, Badghis. Aimaqs were originally known as chahar ("four") Aymaqs: the Taymani (the main element in the population of Ghor), the Firozkohi (mostly in Badghis), the Jamshidi and the Timuri.[9] Other sources state that the Aimaq Hazara are one of the Chahar, with the Timuri instead being of the "lesser Aimaqs" or Aimaq-e digar[10] ("other Aimaqs").

The Aimaq speak several subdialects of the Aimaq dialect of Persian language, but some southern groups of Taymani, Firozkohi, and northeastern Timuri Aimaqs have adopted the Pashto language.[11]

  1. ^ "Population Matters". 3 March 2016.
  2. ^ World Population Review (19 September 2021). ""Afghanistan Population 2021"".
  3. ^ "Distribution of Afghan population by ethnic group 2020". 20 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Afghan Ethnic Groups: A Brief Investigation". 14 August 2011.
  5. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference ir1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ "Aimaq". Minority Rights Group. Retrieved 28 July 2021.
  7. ^ "AYMĀQ – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  8. ^ Tom Lansford -A bitter harvest: US foreign policy and Afghanistan 2003 Page 25 "The term Aimaq means "tribe" but the Aimaq people actually include several different ethnic groups. The classification has come to be used for a variety of nonaligned nomadic tribes"
  9. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Aimak". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 439.
  10. ^ Vogelsang, Willem (2002). The Afghans. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 37–. ISBN 9780631198413. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  11. ^ Vogelsang, Willem (2002). The Afghans. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 18. ISBN 0631198415. Retrieved 23 January 2012.

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